Erik Erikson 8 Stages Of Psychosocial Development Theory
Erik eriksons eight stages of psychosocial development like other seminal concepts eriksons model is simple and elegant yet very sophisticated.
Erik erikson 8 stages of psychosocial development theory. Erik erikson 19021994 was a stage theorist who took freuds controversial psychosexual theory and modified it into an eight stage psychosocial theory of development. This page presents an overview of the developmental tasks involved in the social and emotional development of children and teenagers which continues into adulthood. Erik eriksons theory of psychosocial development emphasizes the sociocultural determinants of development and presents them as eight stages of psychosocial conflicts often known as eriksons stages of psychosocial development that all individuals must overcome or resolve successfully in order to adjust well to the environment. Because an infant is utterly dependent developing trust is based on the dependability and quality of the childs caregivers.
The first stage of eriksons theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life. The theory is a basis for broad or complex discussion and analysis of personality and behaviour and also for understanding and for facilitating personal development of self and others. Eriksons psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development from infancy to adulthood.
According to eriksons theory every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle 2. During each stage the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development. During each of eriksons eight development stages two conflicting ideas must be resolved successfully in order for a person to become a confident contributing member of society. Eriksons stages of psychosocial development as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by erik erikson in collaboration with joan erikson is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages that a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood.
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